Synthetic biology produces increasingly more useful microorganisms to man, with applications in extremely diverse fields.

After a team of students from Newcastle managed to create a bacterium that produces the world’s most effective adhesive useful in repairing cracks in concrete structures, another team of students from Great Britain stunned the world.

A group of students from Bristol University used a DNA sequence, specially created in the laboratory to change E. coli bacteria for the benefit of agriculture.

This newly created micro-organism, entitled “agrEcoli” will be useful for farmers around the world. Thus, microcapsules containing E. coli bacteria will be sprayed on cultivated land. Modified bacteria was “programmed” to detect the level of nutrients in the soil, reacting with a fluorescent glow that shows the grower, if the area requires more fertilizer, or if there is sufficient nutrients.

Applying fertilization only in areas in need of fertilizer, the cost of agricultural products will be reduced by up to 53 euros per hectare.

These agricultural innovations that become possible as technology allows genetic modification of microorganisms, is good news in light of increasing world population that will reach this year to 7 billion people.